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What Is the Escazu Agreement

17 Apr What Is the Escazu Agreement

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The agreement was drafted at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012 and is the only binding treaty adopted following the conference. With the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) as the technical secretariat of the process, it was drafted between 2015 and 2018 and adopted on 4 March 2018 in Escazú, Costa Rica. [3] The agreement was signed on 27 September 2018 and was open for signature until 26 September 2020. [1] Eleven ratifications were required for the entry into force of the agreement, which was concluded on 22 January 2021 with the accession of Mexico and Argentina. [4] The agreement entered into force on 22 April 2021. [5] [1] The decision Chile was the main promoter and moderator of the negotiations on the elaboration of the agreement with Costa Rica, and yet the Chilean government signaled to the parliament that “the signing of the Escazú Agreement, given the ambiguity and breadth of its conditions, its possible self-application and the binding nature of its regulations, which would prevail over domestic environmental legislation, is uncomfortable.” Ruth Buendía, a Peruvian indigenous leader and Goldman Environmental Award winner, participated in the fifth round of negotiations, which took place in Chile in 2016. Another indigenous leader, Lizardo Cauper, president of the Inter-Ethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Jungle, was present at the celebration of the agreement in New York in September 2018. Their participation is itself the result of civil society coordination efforts. During the ratification process, we want to move in this direction and continue to involve not only more organizations and activists, but above all more grassroots organizations, local social movements and indigenous leaders. The Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean, better known as the Escazú Agreement (Spanish: Acuerdo de Escazú), is an international treaty signed by 24 Latin American and Caribbean States and the right of access to environmental information, public participation in environmental decision-making and the right of access to environmental information, public participation in environmental decision-making and the right of access to environmental information, public participation in environmental decision-making and environmental justice and a healthy and sustainable environment for present and future generations. [2] The agreement is open to 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Of the 24 signatories, it has been ratified by twelve: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and Uruguay.

[1] Did the company make a difference in the final agreement? What is in the agreement that would not be there if there were no advocacy from civil society? In addition, the Agreement stipulates that States must provide the public, including vulnerable communities, with adequate knowledge and support to help them effectively exercise the rights set out in the Agreement. At its core, the treaty aims to ensure equality and non-discrimination and to oblige states to guarantee the human right to a healthy environment while promoting sustainable development. This Earth Day is of particular importance to the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region: it marks the entry into force of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean, also known as the “Escazú Agreement”. The entry into force of this agreement represents an important milestone as it is LAC`s first regional environmental agreement. The following story focuses on the main provisions of the Escazú Agreement and its relevance to the region and the work of the World Bank. The main value of the agreement lies in its multilateral character, which provides a common framework that lays the foundations for environmental democracy in the region and promotes cooperation and capacity-building among States to support the least developed countries in this area. Among the most important provisions of Escazú is the right of everyone to live in a healthy environment and the obligation to ensure that the rights set out in the agreement are freely exercised. It provides for the adoption of legal, regulatory, administrative and other measures to ensure the implementation of the Agreement, in accordance with its own capacities and national legislation9, the provision of information to the public to facilitate the acquisition of knowledge on access rights and the obligation to provide guidance and support to the public, in particular vulnerable persons and groups. The aim of the agreement is to “protect the right of every human being, present and future generations, to live in a healthy environment”.

The concept of “healthy,” according to Chile`s Foreign Ministry, is internationally controversial and could contradict the legal definition of “right to live in a pollutant-free environment” contained in the Chilean constitution. The Regional Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters has been signed by 24 countries and ratified by ten countries. To enter into force, the treaty must be ratified by 11 countries. Although Chile was one of the first champions, Chile`s rejection of the deal at this late stage ended its quest for environmental leadership, according to Deutsche Welle. It is also civil society that has promoted standards for socio-ecological information to be shared with the general public. We fought hard because there were many points that states did not want to include, such as the recording of pollutants or the dissemination of information on risks and environmental impact assessments, which were finally included. .

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